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Doge's Palace | Former administrative hub of Venetian Republic

The Doge's Palace is a Venetian Gothic landmark in Venice, Italy. Under the Doge's rule, it was once the seat of political power. With ornate facades, grandiose interiors adorned with masterpieces by Tintoretto and Veronese. It gives you a glimpse...

Founded On

1923

Founded By

Filippo Calendario

Doge's Palace Doge Palace

Quick information

RECOMMENDED DURATION

2 hours

Timings

9am–11pm

VISITORS PER YEAR

1000000

NUMBER OF ENTRANCES

3

EXPECTED WAIT TIME - STANDARD

30-60 mins (Peak), 0-30 mins (Off Peak)

EXPECTED WAIT TIME - SKIP THE LINE

0-30 mins (Peak), 0-30 mins (Off Peak)

UNESCO YEAR

1987

Plan your visit

Did you know?

The Giants' Staircase serves as a formal entrance, protected by Jacopo Sansovino's colossal statues of Mars and Neptune. These statues symbolize Venice's dominance both on land and at sea.

The palace's infamous "Bridge of Sighs" earned its name as it connected the interrogation rooms to the prison, and prisoners would reportedly sigh at their final view of Venice.

The Doge's Palace is home to the largest canvas in Venice, titled Il Paradiso by Jacopo Tintoretto. It depicts over 500 figures, ready to ascend Heaven, with Jesus and Mary in the middle.




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History of Doge's Palace

  • 810: Doge Angelo Partecipazio establishes the first Doge's Palace in Rialto, though no trace of this building remains today.
  • 10th-11th Centuries: The palace transforms into a fortified structure with walls, towers, and a large gateway. It houses government functions, courts, prisons, and even stables and armories.
  • 1172-1178: A fire damages the palace. Doge Ziani rebuilds and significantly alters St. Mark's Square layout.
  • 1340: Reconstruction of the lagoon-facing wing begins.
  • 1365: The Great Council Chamber is decorated, marking the start of the present-day palace's appearance.
  • 1424: The wing facing the Piazzetta is renovated in the Gothic style under Doge Foscari.
  • 1430-1442: The Porta della Carta and Foscari Arch are built.
  • 1483: A fire destroys the Doge's apartments. Rebuilding in Renaissance style is completed by 1510.
  • 1515-1559: Further work is completed, including the Giants' Staircase.
  • 1574: Another fire damages the palace, followed by swift restoration.
  • 16th-17th Centuries: New prisons are built, connected by the Bridge of Sighs. The courtyard gains a marble facade, colonnade, and clock.
  • 1797: Venice falls under foreign rule, and the palace serves various administrative purposes.
  • 19th-20th Centuries: Extensive restoration addresses structural decay. The palace becomes a public museum. It joins the Civic Museums of Venice network.

Architecture of Doge's Palace

The Doge's Palace is a masterpiece of Venetian Gothic architecture, boasting intricate detailing on the exterior, ornate arches, delicate tracery, stonework, sculptural elements, a beautiful courtyard, grand halls with frescoes, and elegant furnishings. Here are some key architectural features and styles:

Architecture of Doge's Palace

Venetian Gothic style

The palace is built in the Venetian Gothic style, characterized by the use of pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and ornate decorations. This style was popular in Venice during the 14th to 16th centuries and is seen in many of the city's iconic landmarks.

Orientalist elements

You’ll notice some Eastern flair in the palace’s design. Look for arches, columns, and decorative motifs inspired by Islamic art. This reflects Venice’s rich history of trade and cultural exchange with the East.

Subsequent influences

The design of the Doge’s Palace is a delightful mix of Byzantine and Gothic architecture, as evident in the pointed arches, decorative tracery on windows, and an overall sense of airiness. This blend reflects the cultural and artistic achievements of the Venetian Republic during the Renaissance.

Stilts and foundations

Like many buildings in Venice, the Doge's Palace is built on stilts. This ingenious method works perfectly with Venice’s watery foundation, allowing grand structures to stand tall without the need for massive foundations.

Porta della Carta

The main entrance, Porta della Carta, is a marvel to behold. Accessorized with Gothic pinnacles, it features a statue of Doge Francesco Foscari kneeling before the Lion of Saint Mark. This ceremonial gateway also features figures of the Cardinal Virtues and a bust of Mark the Evangelist.

Imposing mass on piers

Despite the lighter elements, the overall structure is quite massive. This is because the palace is built on wooden piles driven into the lagoon floor. The base is hidden, giving the impression of the palace rising directly from the water.

Frequently asked questions about Doge's Palace

What are the origins of Doge's Palace and its historical significance?

The Doge's Palace, originally built in the 9th century, served as the residence of the Doge of Venice, the supreme authority of the Venetian Republic. It was the political and administrative heart of Venice for centuries.

What architectural styles are represented in Doge's Palace?

The palace showcases a blend of Gothic, Byzantine, and Renaissance architectural styles. This mix reflects Venice's diverse cultural influences and its role as a major trading hub.

How was Doge's Palace constructed given Venice's unique environment?

The palace was built on stilts to accommodate Venice’s watery foundation, avoiding the need for massive foundations and allowing it to stand firm despite the lagoon's fragility.

What are the key features of the palace's exterior?

Key exterior features include the Gothic lace-like stonework, the Porta della Carta (the ornate main entrance), and the pink and white checkerboard marble facade. The Giants' Staircase, with statues of Mars and Neptune, is another highlight.

What can visitors expect to see in the Great Council Chamber?

The Great Council Chamber is one of Europe’s largest rooms, adorned with masterpieces by Tintoretto and Veronese, including Tintoretto’s "Paradise," one of the largest oil paintings in the world.

What is the significance of the Bridge of Sighs?

The Bridge of Sighs connects the Doge's Palace to the prisons. It is named for the sighs of prisoners who would see their last view of Venice through its windows before their imprisonment.

Are there any famous artworks inside Doge's Palace?

Yes, the palace is home to stunning frescoes and artworks by renowned artists such as Titian, Veronese, Tintoretto, and Tiepolo, decorating its grand halls and chambers.

Can you describe the function and layout of the Doge's Apartments?

The Doge’s Apartments, located in the Renaissance wing, served as the private quarters of the Doge. They are lavishly decorated and include private chapels, the Hall of the Shield, and various living spaces adorned with historical artifacts.

How did the various fires impact the palace's structure and design?

Several fires, particularly those in 1483 and 1574, led to significant reconstruction efforts. These events prompted the introduction of Renaissance architectural elements and the rebuilding of many rooms, while maintaining the palace’s overall historical design.

What is the role of Doge's Palace today?

Today, Doge's Palace is a public museum managed by the City Council of Venice. It is part of the Civic Museums of Venice network and remains a key cultural and historical attraction, offering visitors a glimpse into Venice's illustrious past.

How has Doge's Palace been preserved and restored over the years?

Extensive restoration efforts have taken place since the late 19th century to address structural decay and preserve the palace’s intricate details. Significant funds have been allocated for ongoing maintenance to ensure its historical integrity remains intact.

What are some lesser-known facts about Doge's Palace?

Lesser-known aspects include the hidden prison cells known as the Piombi, the intricate wood paneling in the Chamber of the Council of Ten, and the various secret passages used for discreet movements within the palace.

How does the palace reflect Venice's political and cultural history?

The palace embodies Venice’s political power and cultural achievements through its grand architecture, historic council chambers, and the artistic works that celebrate the Republic’s rich heritage and influence.